Country Rating Results
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The Rating Results
The global RTI Rating measures the strength of the legal framework for the right to access information held by public authorities (the right to information or RTI) based on 61 discrete indicators – each of which looks at a particular feature of a strong legal regime for RTI – divided into seven main categories – namely Right of Access, Scope, Requesting Procedure, Exceptions & Refusals, Appeals, Sanctions & Protections, and Promotional Measures.
The performance of countries shows a significant spread with several countries scoring 126 or more points out of a possible total of 150, or around 85%, and several also scoring below 50 points, or 33%. However, most countries fall in between these extremes, with a roughly equal number of countries in each of the score ranges of 51-75, 76-100 and 101-125.
All regions of the world now have a significant number of countries with RTI laws, a major change since the Rating was first launched in 2011. Significantly, not one Western country ranks in the top 25 countries, although eight rank in the bottom 25. Furthermore, all but one of the top 25 countries first adopted an RTI law since 2000. Indeed, a statistical analysis shows that the quality of laws has been improving steadily, with the average score of laws adopted in each 5-year period being stronger than the previous 5-year period.
Despite these improvements, the results show significant room for improvement. About one-third of all countries score less than 75 points, or 50%, so could be said to earn only a failing grade. Average performance across most of the seven categories was roughly equal, although the average for Scope was significantly higher, and it was quite a lot lower for Sanctions & Protections.
The central idea behind the RTI Rating is to provide RTI advocates, reformers, legislators and others with a reliable tool for comparatively assessing the overall strength of a legal framework for RTI. The Rating indicates the strengths and weaknesses of the legal framework, and provides a handy means for pinpointing areas in need of improvement.
The Organisations Behind RTI
Access Info Europe is a human rights organisation dedicated to promoting and protecting the right of access to information in Europe as a tool for defending civil liberties and human rights, for facilitating public participation in decision-making and for holding governments accountable.
The Centre for Law and Democracy (CLD) is a non-profit organisation based in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. CLD works to promote, protect and develop those human rights which serve as the foundation for or underpin democracy, including the right to information (RTI), but also the rights to freedom of expression, to participate and to freedom of association and assembly. More information about CLD and our mission is available on our website.