Republic of Belarus

Name of law: LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS November 10, 2008 No 455-Z on information, informatization and protection of information

First adopted: 2008

Last modified: 2016-05

RTI Rating last updated: 2021-06

Introduction

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS November 10, 2008 No 455-Z on information, informatization and protection of information regulates various areas apart from access to information, it also includes regulations on data privacy, telecom and data security. The right to information is in the constitution and according to the law on information, informatization and protection of information, the citizens right of access to information has a wide application, including legislature, executive and judicial branch. Despite this, the law is very weak in procedural aspects of the right with many aspects of the law being determined by other legislative acts of the Republic of Belarus. The law lacks specific details on the actual procedures for submitting a request, as this is regulated outside of the access to information law. This law also lacks details on the appeals process, as in practice the law “On petitions (appeals) of citizens and legal entities” of 18 July 2011 is followed for this, however this law does not have a specific procedure  for appealing access to information requests. In addition,  the exceptions on access to information do not have a strong harm and public interest test. The law does not set up an independent information commissioner and sanctions regime is regulated outside this law

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