Name of law: Public Information Act
First adopted: 2000
Last modified: n/a
RTI Rating last updated: 2016-06


The Estonian legal framework governing the right to information ranks just above the middle of the Rating. A strength of the law is its strong procedures for making and processing requests. Another notable feature is the law’s mostly compliant exception regime that is harm-tested and has a strong public interest override, although it also preserves secrecy laws, potentially seriously undermining this aspect of the law. Additionally, the Act applies to executive agencies and private legal persons which perform public duties or receive public funding, although it does not apply to the legislature or judiciary. It lacks an independent oversight system and fails to provide protection for good faith disclosures. Public authorities are also not required to report annually on what they have done to implement the law.

The law is also available in its Estonian original here.